Toxoplasmosis (tok-so-plaz-MOE-sis) is a parasitic infection caused by the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, one of the most common parasites on the planet. Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the microscopic parasite called “Toxoplasma gondii”. The parasite can be found in cat feces, raw meat, and soil.
It can also be transmitted through contaminated water or food. Toxoplasmosis is usually harmless to healthy adults, but it can cause serious complications for babies and pregnant women. It is more dangerous for pregnant women because it can cause miscarriage and stillbirths in addition to other health problems for the baby after birth.
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the Toxoplasma gondii parasite. It can be transmitted to humans through contact with cat feces, eating undercooked meat, or contact with any other item that has come into contact with cat feces. The parasite can infect any tissue or organ in the body. In healthy people, it usually causes no symptoms. But in people who are immunocompromised, it may cause serious complications such as brain infection and loss of sight.
What Does Toxoplasmosis Do?
Toxoplasmosis is an infection that can be passed from an infected cat to humans. The parasite lives in the intestines of cats and causes them to excrete it in their feces. Toxoplasma gondii can then spread to other animals, as well as people, through contact with contaminated soil or water. A person becomes infected after eating raw or undercooked meat from an animal that has been infected with toxoplasma gondii or by touching any surface that has come into contact with the cat’s feces and then touching their mouth.
If your immune system is healthy, you’re unlikely to suffer toxoplasmosis consequences, yet otherwise healthy people can get eye infections. These illnesses can cause blindness if left untreated. Toxoplasmosis can cause convulsions and life-threatening disorders like encephalitis, a dangerous brain infection, if your immune system is impaired, especially as a result of HIV/AIDS.
Untreated toxoplasmosis encephalitis is lethal in patients with AIDS. People with toxoplasmosis who also have a weaker immune system should be concerned about relapse. Congenital toxoplasmosis can cause debilitating consequences in children, such as hearing loss, mental incapacity, and blindness.
Symptoms of Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis can cause flu-like symptoms and in some cases lead to serious complications such as blindness or brain damage.
The most common symptoms of toxoplasmosis are fever, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, headache, and extreme tiredness. The severity of the symptoms depends on the age and immune system of the individual as well as the type of exposure to toxoplasma.
The majority of healthy people who are infected with toxoplasmosis have no symptoms and are unaware that they are afflicted. Some people, on the other hand, experience flu-like signs and symptoms, such as:
· Body aches
· Swollen lymph nodes
Infection during pregnancy can lead to severe birth defects and miscarriage. In babies, the symptoms of toxoplasmosis may include jaundice, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes. ADVERTISEMENT
How to Treat Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis can be contracted by eating raw or undercooked meat from an infected animal, drinking contaminated water, or coming into contact with the tissue of an infected cat. The majority of people who contract toxoplasmosis never show any symptoms, but it can cause serious problems for pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems.
There are several ways you can prevent toxoplasmosis. The best way is to not have any contact with cats at all. If you have to come in contact with cats, wash your hands thoroughly afterward and avoid touching your mouth or eyes after handling raw meat or unwashed vegetables.
If you think you have toxoplasmosis, it is important to see your doctor right away. Your doctor will prescribe medication that will help your symptoms and protect you from passing the infection on to other people. You should also avoid contact with cats or raw meat while taking this medication.
To lower the danger of toxoplasmosis in the environment, take the following steps:
- Drinking untreated water is not a good idea.
- Wear gloves when gardening and whenever you come into contact with soil or sand since it could be contaminated with Toxoplasma-infected cat excrement. After gardening or contact with soil or sand, wash hands with soap and water.
- In order to avoid infection, teach children the necessity of washing their hands.
- Cover any outdoor sandboxes.
- Do not feed raw or undercooked meats to cats; only canned or dried commercial food or well-cooked table food will suffice.
- Make sure the kitty litter box is changed on a daily basis. After being shed in a cat’s feces, the Toxoplasma parasite takes 1 to 5 days to become contagious.
- If possible, avoid changing cat litter if you are pregnant or immunocompromised. Wear disposable gloves and wash your hands with soap and water if no one else is available to complete the task.
- Keep cats inside to prevent them from hunting and becoming infected with Toxoplasma.
- Adopting or handling stray cats, especially kittens, is not recommended. If you’re pregnant or immunocompromised, don’t get a new cat.
In the United States, toxoplasmosis is a primary cause of death from foodborne illness. The Toxoplasma parasite is carried by more than 40 million men, women, and children in the United States, but only a small percentage of them develop symptoms since the parasite is normally prevented from causing sickness by the immune system. Women newly infected with Toxoplasma during or just before pregnancy, as well as anyone with a weakened immune system, should be informed that toxoplasmosis can be fatal.